Ice pack applications – icing can be extremely helpful in minimizing the swelling and pain caused by an injury. This technique is typically used by physiotherapists as the starting point when treating an injury.
Hot pack applications – if the injury does not come with swelling, using a hot pack that is wrapped in a towel is the common procedure for many physiotherapists – as one that is effective in alleviating pain and joint or muscle stiffness.
TENS – also known as Trans-cutaneous Electrical Nerve Simulator, this small battery-operated device directs little amounts of current into the skin or just over the injury, effective for temporary pain relief.
Ultrasound – driving sound vibrations directly into the tissues, this procedure can heat up bulky body areas and help the healing process.
Massage and stretching – both standard techniques in physiotherapy for loosening the muscles or relaxing them while reducing the tissue adhesions and decreasing the swelling.
Range of motion – the ROM exercises are helpful for improving and maintaining the joint’s range of motion.
Strengthening exercises – weak muscles are the result of inactivity after an injury, and strengthening exercises are a great way to bulk, repair and maintain the strength of your muscles.
Matt Welsh, Physiotherapist